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What is the difference between US & Mexico in terms of customs brokerage?
Customs brokerage is one of the most crucial factors to consider when shipping cross-border. However, the US & Mexico have a different approach as it relates to customs.
In Mexico, there are a little over 800 customs brokers and they are responsible for the fulfillment of all Mexican customs laws and regulations. Customs regulations in Mexico sit under the tax administration service known as SAT or “Servicio de Administración Tributaria”. Responsibility of any submission to SAT falls on the customs broker. On freight headed to Mexico, the Mexican broker will physically examine merchandise in the US facility to make sure that what they are moving matches what is manifested on the paperwork prior to entry into Mexico.
In the US, there are over 14,000 active licensed customs brokers that report to the US Department of Homeland Security. A licensed broker must pass a licensing exam, be at least 21 years of age, and undergo a background check. The importer of record must act with reasonable care to ensure that customs and border protection is provided accurate and timely data pertaining to an importation or exportation, while the broker must exercise due diligence in ensuring that what they are submitting on behalf of their customer is correct. The importer is ultimately responsible for any submission to US Customs.
Whether you’re moving freight into the US or Mexico, choosing a customs broker is key. If you want to learn more about recommendations and tips on how to choose the right customs broker for your business on either side of the border, click here.
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